Eye Gazes and Oral Language Skills of Children

Measuring the Eye Gazes and Oral Language Skills of Preschool and Early Elementary Children

Jacob Richardson, 4th year
Madison Brodoski, 4th year

Abstract:

The present research uses eyetracking technology to examine how children with limited speech production attended to English phonological awareness (PA) items. Eye tracking, capturing eye-movement patterns with computer technology, has been used with young children, especially beginning readers (Rayner, 1986; Rayner, Ardoin, & Binder, 2013). With respect to early language and emergent literacy, eyetracking has revealed how children attend to recognizing receptive vocabulary items or picture book content (Thompson, Plavnick, & Skibbe, 2018). Determining whether children are focusing on core content impacts the design of early language assessments, especially for children who cannot verbally indicate their responses. Enhancing our understanding of children’s early language processing is critical to monitoring progress and determining appropriate interventions. Thus, this poster presents the eye gazes of preschoolers and early elementary children to investigate the attention they pay to computer-based test items designed to assess emergent literacy. Continue reading “Eye Gazes and Oral Language Skills of Children”

Muscle Contraction Effects on Embryo Movement

 

Madeline Dawson Effects of Modulating Muscle Contractions on Embryo Movement in Early Mouse Pregnancy

Madeline Dawson, 3rd Year

Abstract

Early-stage mammalian embryos rely on physical and biological interactions with the maternal environment (uterine niche) to arrive at their site of attachment. In the mouse during early pregnancy, embryos first move unidirectionally, as a cluster, away from the oviduct towards the center of the uterine horn.

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Infection and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Association of Placental Infection with Listeria monocytogenes and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Prachee Pingle, 4th year

Abstract:

Maternal infection caused by an intracellular foodborne pathogen, Listeria monocytogenes, causes listeriosis which can have a detrimental impact on the development of the fetus. The infection triggers an inflammatory response in the pregnant mother which can cause abnormal fetal brain development potentially leading to neurodevelopmental disorders in the offspring.
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Ethical Issues Around Depression Treatments

Mapping Key Ethical Issues Surrounding Electroceutical Treatments for Depression

Eleni Varelas headshot Eleni Varelas, 2nd year
Marissa Cortright headshot Marissa Cortright, 3rd year

Abstract

Failure of first-line treatments for some patients with depression has mobilized scientific communities to look toward electroceuticals – interventions which employ electric and magnetic stimulation therapeutically. A growing body of literature investigates how to improve clinical protocols for electroceuticals like electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and deep brain stimulation (DBS) in depression.

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The Role of DDX5 in HPV-Associated Cancer

Danielle Hohman headshot The Role of DDX5 in HPV-Associated Cancer
Danielle Hohman, 4th year

Abstract

Dead-Box helicase 5 (DDX5) or p68 is an ATP-dependent RNA helicase that is involved in alteration of RNA structures, regulation of splicing, processing small noncoding RNAs, and can act as a coregulator of transcription. It has been found to be dysregulated in many cancers including prostate cancer, lung cancer, and ovarian cancer. DDX5 acts on many metabolic pathways and as a result promotes proliferation and metastasis. Continue reading “The Role of DDX5 in HPV-Associated Cancer”

Increasing Sucrose in Cyanobacteria

Jaylynn Jones Disentangling the Effect of Two KO Genes and Increasing Sucrose Production in Cyanobacteria
Jaylynn Jones, 3rd year

Abstract

This semester I will be participating in research at the Ducat lab in the DOE-plant research laboratories. My project will include exploring how cyanobacteria, specifically the stain synechococcous elongatus sp. PCC 7942 balances energy between its source and sink. Continue reading “Increasing Sucrose in Cyanobacteria”

Supporting students’ understanding of acids

ChemSims: Anything but basic, using screencasts to support student understanding of acids
Shanna Hilborn, 5th year

Abstract

More than ever there is a need for resources to support students’ individual learning of introductory chemistry in an online environment. One common student difficulty is conceptualizing solutions and the submicroscopic interactions between particles, especially as they pertain to differences in acid solutions.
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Gender Differences in Academia & COVID-19

Widening the Gap: Gender Differences in Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Early-Career Scholars

2021 MSUFCU Best History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science presentation for the Lyman Briggs Research Showcase
Lexi Nadolsky, 2nd year
Arika Hawkins, 4th year
Guizhen Ma, 1st-year postdoctoral fellow

Abstract

Despite noticeable progress in recent years towards increasing representation of female academics at all career levels, gender disparities in opportunity, institutional support, and inclusivity remain in academia. For early-career scholars, these gender differences in work climate can manifest as disparities in opportunity, lack of access to resources, and a myriad of other inequitable factors that can hinder opportunity for success.
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Genome-Wide Associations for Pig Coat Color

Genome-wide associations for coat color traits in a cross of domestic pig breeds

Roshan Patel, 4th year

Abstract

Exploitation of genetic variation through selection is important because it allows desirable alleles to be passed down to future generations, resulting in improved phenotypes. Thus, knowing how genetic variations affect phenotypic traits is beneficial for breeding because it enables artificial selection to be implemented more effectively to improve the performance of livestock populations.
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PPE51 Interactions with Glucose and Glycerol

Mycobacterium tuberculosis Protein PPE51 Interactions with Glucose and Glycerol
Megan Murto, 2nd year

Abstract

Escherichia coli is commonly used in place of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) due to its lower pathogenicity and faster doubling rate, allowing for more convenient BSL-2 laboratory access and a shorter growth window. Previously, it was found that Mtb uses the PPE51 protein to take up disaccharides into the cell. Upon further experimentation, it was found that when glucose was supplemented into minimal media, the growth kinetics were not changed.
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